Protecting patient data is a core responsibility of healthcare providers, and the federal law restricting release of medical information strictly regulates the handling of sensitive patient health information, but the field of population health complicates issues of patient privacy. Each issued-based section includes related questions that highlight specific challenges that leaders face when making day-to-day medical decisions and far-reaching policies that affect patient health. With courses in innovation, strategy, and ethical issues and public policy, AdventHealth University Online’s Master of Healthcare Administration in Strategy and Innovation and Master of Business Administration (MHA/MBA) Dual Degree program develops strategic thinkers and leaders capable of making significant impacts and initiating positive change. The term “big data” refers to the proliferation of digital information in the modern age. Ethical and legal issues, being two kinds of issues that are often brought up especially in organizations, are two terms that often clash with one another and at the same time working with one another on different occasions, as well. Ethical issues and access to healthcare J Infus Nurs. Here’s One Approach.”, U.S. News & World Report, “Why Will It Take So Long for a COVID-19 Vaccine?”, World Health Organization, Ethical Issues in Global Health, December 10, 2020  |  Confidentiality - The protection of private patient information in the medical field is one of the most important ethical issues that may arise in the field of healthcare. A final theme addressed in this issue elucidates the legal and health policy conflicts that arise with the use of AI in health care. Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health external icon The Code is intended principally for public and other institutions in the United States that have an explicit public health mission. Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals - Essay Example. Lacking a vaccine, public health officials have fought the outbreak with social distancing measures that slow the spread of the disease, helping to mitigate outbreak spikes that overwhelm medical facilities and ultimately result in more lives lost. Healthcare professionals, who are themselves at risk of infection, may be forced to decide which patients should receive treatment or access to lifesaving equipment and treatment when need exceeds capacity. Elite care … The daily loss of life caused by the virus created an immediate healthcare crisis, prompting a rush to develop a vaccine and the enactment of social distancing measures in countries around the world. “First, do no harm.” The seemingly simple maxim of healthcare proves far more complex when considered in the context of rapidly advancing medical technology, constant budget constraints, and new health threats. Balancing care quality and efficiency. Here’s One Approach.”, , “Why Will It Take So Long for a COVID-19 Vaccine?”. These issues are a major focus for the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA), which offers a working group for members that is specifically geared toward ongoing education about ethical, legal and social issues related to health informatics. A patient persists in telling sexist jokes, which offends nursing home staff. The healthcare industry also now faces challenges related to … Conversations between a patient and a doctor are strictly confidential and access to them is strictly monitored. Here are a few legal issues that affect the healthcare system on a regular basis: Antitrust issues and ACOs – Accountable Care Organisations (ACOs) consist of groups of doctors, hospitals and other healthcare providers, who collaborate voluntarily to provide coordinated high-quality care to patients. Who gets care when the number of patients exceeds a hospital’s capacity? Conversations between a physician and a patient are strictly confidential, as is information about an individual’s medical condition. The ethical code of health care professionals states that patients have the right to know the truth about their medical condition, and that they can choose treatment options. An insurance company refuses to pay for a procedure or a drug that a doctor strongly believes the patient needs. Whether population health information is matched to an individual or applied in aggregate to a population, if it’s used for purposes other than promoting health, it has the potential to negatively impact those who supplied the data. The first ethical violation that Dr. Smith is guilty of is having a personal relationship with a patient. Even efforts to reduce waste and inappropriate use of resources, critical aspects of responsible fiscal stewardship, can unintentionally impinge on patients’ best interests. The use and effectiveness of population health is increasing in the era of big data, which can be used to find links between diseases and specific environments or socioeconomic groups. The evolution of robotics in healthcare beyond compensatory measures and into human enhancements raises issues of access and fairness for patients and challenges the definition of a healthcare provider. It's necessary to work … The outbreak of the COVID-19 virus provides a grim illustration of ethical issues in pandemic planning and response. Efforts to lasso health care costs puts increasing pressure on staff to do more with less. Fear of legal action may also cause providers to engage in “defensive medicine.” Writ… Cite this document Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. A teenager requests medication for a painful condition, but his parents refuse, based on religious beliefs. The protection of private patient information is one of the most important ethical and legal issues in the field of healthcare. Health care professionals continually face ethical and legal issues in the workplace, putting them at risk for burnout. How do you test the efficacy of a new medical technology without harming patients? A patient asks his oncology nurse to go on a date with him the day he is discharged. When ethical principles are violated, a civil lawsuit often follows. The first digital pill to be approved in the United States was a form of the antipsychotic medication aripiprazole (sold under the trade name Abilify) in 2017. Due to staff shortages, a nurse is reassigned to another area, where the nursing staff lacks sufficient skill or training. The growing use of AI and robotics also raises issues of healthcare technology ethics. However, the ability of AI-powered tools to analyze virtually any dataset, from income data to criminal records, raises concerns about its potential for abuse. AHU Online is an investment in your future self and career. AI refers to the ability of computers to mimic human intelligence and learning. 1530 Words 7 Pages. Because they hold large amounts of very personal data, they also carry the risk of privacy violation. Ethical Issue Facing Health Care: Electronic Patient Records One of the main ethical issues that faces health care is the security of patient information. They rely on extensive scientific training and increasingly sophisticated technology to do so, but their experience, instincts, and knowledge of individual patients also guide them. The patient asks the X-ray technician if her doctor is disclosing everything he knows about her test results. Ethical and Legal Issues in Healthcare is a definitive resource for healthcare students and professionals in nursing, medicine, and the allied health sciences, providing a comprehensive overview and exploration of today’s ethical and legal landscape in healthcare delivery. Together, these legal tools help direct and manage property and health care decisions in accordance with a person’s wishes when the person no longer has the ability (capacity) to make decisions. However, the law doesn’t apply to nongenetic predictive data. Patients are vulnerable, and that vulnerability needs to be acknowledged and respected at all times. An analysis that reveals a high rate of a disease in a given population could be used to focus education and treatment efforts; it could also be used to adjust insurance coverage. Ethical and Legal Issues In the correctional setting, the patient is at the core of professional nursing practice. It thus has an obligation both toward government, which controls it, and toward the public that it s… Issues by nature are many and, today, many issues are brought up and are questioned upon their varying natures. An Ethical and Legal Analysis”, Deloitte Insights, “Using Predictive Analytics in Health Care”, Electronic Health Reporter, “First Do No Harm: The Ethics of Healthcare in 2020”, GINAhelp.org, Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, Healthcare Financial Management Association, “Beyond Compliance: Healthcare CFOs Face Many Situations in Which Ethics Can Guide Decision-making”, HealthITAnalytics, “What Are Precision Medicine and Personalized Medicine?”, HealthTech, “How Predictive Analytics in Healthcare Is Improving Patient Care”, Medical Xpress, “Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Raises Legal and Ethical Concerns”, National Center for Biotechnology Information, “Considerations for Ethics Review of Big Data Health Research: A Scoping Review”, RoboticsBiz, “8 Ethical Issues in the Use of Robotics in Healthcare”, STAT, “Research in the Time of Coronavirus: Keep It Ethical”, The Conversation, “The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Forcing Us to Ask Some Very Hard Questions. Information must be sufficient and understandable, to enable the patient to make informed decisions that are in his best interest. “ (Larson, 2013). Ethical issues are wide-ranging, from organ donation, genetic engineering, assisted suicide, withholding treatment in end-of-life care, or simple procedures requiring consent. A patient’s family asks the doctor not to tell their elderly mother that her tumor is malignant. Mary Dowd holds a doctorate in educational leadership and a master’s in counseling and student affairs from Minnesota State Mankato. When pandemics and other widespread medical emergencies do overwhelm the capacity of medical facilities, even starker ethical questions arise. Addressing ethical issues in vector-borne diseases Zika has raised many specific ethical issues, in particular regarding pregnancy. Patient safety may be compromised, resulting in injury and lawsuits. A rapid response during pandemics is crucial, but rushing healthcare efforts can add risk to processes such as drug trials. Legal and ethical issues arise frequently, and are commonly encountered in certain fields such as medicine, healthcare and politics. The advent of predictive and prescriptive algorithms that can analyze large amounts of data also increases the potential privacy risks associated with stored medical specimens. Both ethically and legally, healthcare professionals are prohibited from sharing information about patients with other people. Accidental or intentional disclosure of private patient information can result in litigation, huge fines and jail time for the violator. Many modern medical devices are capable of reporting an incredible variety of health information, with or without a patient’s knowledge. Category: Healthcare Administration, November 9, 2020  |  AdventHealth University and Stetson University Announce Partnership and MHA/MBA Dual-Degree, Healthcare Administration: Salary, Careers, and Education, American Medical Association, The Top 10 Ethical Issues Medical Students Should Be Taught, BMC Medical Ethics, “Addressing Harm in Moral Case Deliberation: The Views and Experiences of Facilitators”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Broad Consent for Biobanks Is Best — Provided It Is Also Deep”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Digital Pills: A Scoping Review of the Empirical Literature and Analysis of the Ethical Aspects”, BMC Medical Ethics, “Do Patients and Research Subjects Have a Right to Receive Their Genomic Raw Data? Many of the challenges facing the healthcare system in the … Links to information on ethical issues in the practice of public health. In some instances, legal regulations prohibit people from carrying out certain tasks, such as administering life-saving support, that are considered morally permissible actions. The risk of moral injury can be particularly high in a profit-driven healthcare environment where multiple factors other than patient care influence treatment decisions. Our programs are designed to meet your need for flexibility. Helping students succeed has been her passion while serving in many areas of student affairs and adjunct teaching. As healthcare data collection technology advances, the industry faces questions about how to handle automatically collected data. Confidentiality is linked to patient privacy, but has to do more with the conduct of the healthcare professional than with documentation. Health administrators responsible for healthcare finance management decisions may be put in a position to question, for example, whether a drug needs to be prescribed or an imaging test needs to be done. Reusing stored biological samples and data collected from research participants in past studies, as well as samples collected from patients for clinical or diagnostic purposes, raises new issues about the responsibility of healthcare providers to obtain informed consent. The sometimes conflicting responsibilities of supporting optimal patient outcomes and fiscal responsibility can lead to a state of “moral injury.” Describing the injury of a person’s moral conscience and values resulting from the experience of committing a moral transgression, moral injury results in feelings of shame and guilt. AI used for health-related predictive analysis relies on large, diverse datasets, including EHRs. A malpractice suit is more likely to happen if a patient claims that his condition was misdiagnosed by a harried medical practitioner. Potential medical applications include analysis of radiologic images. What organizations should have access to data that can predict a patient’s future health issues? Through the practice of de-anonymization, or data re-identification, anonymous data can be compared with publicly available information and matched to an individual. The doctor wants to see a child for a follow-up visit, but his parents refuse, because of  limited insurance coverage. As Daniel Callahan and Bruce Jennings have noted, “[p]ublic health is one of the few professions that has, in many matters, legal power–in particular, the police power of the state–behind it. Genuine concern, trust and empathy should frame all interactions. Health care professionals struggle to help patients who lack the resources to cover the treatment they need. Legal and “Ethical issues in healthcare are common. A pioneer in online health sciences programs since 2001. 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