–Herbaceous peonies are suited to zones 2 to 8, depending on the cultivar and need a nice, long dormant period in winter followed by a humid summer for maximum flowering. It sounds like they were getting shaded out by the trees—plant them in a sunny spot for the best flowering. Peonies require at least 3 feet between each plant. First, dig up the plant. Bloom time for peonies varies from late spring to late summer, depending on variety, but all types are best planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground freezes. Plant peonies in the fall: in late September and October in most of the U.S., and even later in the fall in Zones 7 and 8. Plant bare-root peonies so the eyes—the small, red-colored buds along the roots—are 1 to 2 inches below the soil surface, but no deeper than 2 inches. Keep potted peonies protected from severe freezing/thawing/freezing - store slightly moist in a garage/shed when temperatures dip below 10 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Peony image by lidia_smile from Fotolia.com, The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension: Growing Peonies, Ohio State University's Plant Facts: Garden Tips. Provide support for varieties with large flowers. M. on Jun 5, 2017. Make Your Neighbors Giggle With These 9 Halloween Fairy Garden Ideas. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes." If you want to transplant a peony, ideally you should wait until fall when the plant dies back. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. Transplanting rhubarb becomes a necessity no matter how good the gardener or how nice the garden. Planting them too deeply prevents production of flowers. Required fields are marked *. Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. September is the best time to transplant peonies. While it is technically possible to transplant them in spring or in summer before they go dormant, transplanting in those times is not recommended and seldom practiced because success is unpredictable and the flowering takes two to three years longer. But since we were moving in late June, it had to be done then. How to Divide and Transplant Peonies: 11 Steps (with Pictures) Place the potted peony in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil, tamp down the soil gently and water well. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. For the most part, transplanting peonies is a job that doesn’t usually need done for 10 to 15 years. They perform best when grown in full sun and in soil that is well drained. Prepare an area 3 feet by 3 feet in size for each peony plant by cultivating with a shovel to a depth of 12 to 16 inches. Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. How to transplant peonies. Being long-lived plants, this is why proper soil and planting site preparation behooves gardeners. Peonies perform best in full sun and well-drained soils. Sometimes we need to find our plants a new home in our garden. Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch to protect roots from being heaved out of the ground during winter freezes and thaws. I need to transplant two peonies because they are overshadowed by junipers and not thriving. The month of September gives the roots time to settle in and grow before frost hardens the ground. darlenes-2010 Their flowers are magnificent but fleeting, lasting only a few weeks in … The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. These union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper. However, you may successfully transplant peonies in the spring, though you should be aware that plants moved during this season are not likely to produce the abundant flowers or foliage they've produced in the past—or may take a season or two before they start blooming. Helpful. Gypsum, the Extension advises, does not work as a soil softener in Ohio. Locate a garden bed that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. Generally speaking, peony plants resent root disturbance. With the possible exception of peonies, my experience is that all other perennials do just fine. In order to set their flower buds, peony roots should be planted relatively close to the soil surface; only about 2-3 inches deep. Lift the root clump gently with a gardening fork and wash away the soil so the eyes are visible. There are two ways to propagate these flowers - using seeds and dividing the root. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. Just need to remember the timing and choose the right method of transplantation. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. Transplant it in the very early spring. Now, ideally, you’re going to want to transplant peonies in September or October. Peonies are the permanent inhabitants of many gardens and flowerbeds. Their metabolism slows, causing … Incorporate well-rotted manure or aged compost into the bottom of the hole for both types. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Incorporate large amounts of compost, well-rotted manure or fallen leaves, and other organic material into the soil. Plant, divide and transplant peonies in early fall for best results, but early spring will suffice as long as the soil is workable. Cut peony stems back to 1 or 2 inches above the soil line after the first killing frost. Do this in the fall for best results! You can also pot up bare root peonies in the fall or early winter and transplant them in the spring. However, if you move your peony in the spring just … Your email address will not be published. But it's also possible to dig and plant the entire root ball in the spring before the plants start to sprout new growth for the season. Transplanting rhubarb is done to increase the size of your rhubarb garden, to decrease the size of your rhubarb garden, and to maintain healthy plants.This is a great task to tackle in the fall when you are already preparing your vegetable garden for winter. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. Tree peonies typically have graft-unions on their roots. Place the cutting debris in the compost pile to decompose. Peonies will be happy for years without being moved, but if you notice your peonies flowering less, the plants would probably benefit from division. Once planted, monitor the soil and supplement with irrigation when rains are lacking in order to keep the soil evenly moist. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Peony Transplant Features in Spring Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. For peonies, fall is the ideal time to dig up the plants. Peonies can also be spring-transplanted but I’ve done better with an early fall move with them. (Find your planting zone here.) Honestly, the best time to transplant peonies is in September. The or border may require moving the peonies. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. This will allow ample sunlight to access the shrub and proper air circulation to prevent fungal diseases that tend to attack peonies during wet springs. Herbaceous peony roots look like beige to white-colored carrots, with small growing points at the top called "eyes.". Can I transplant peonies in June or July? Peonies require a fertile, moist soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation. To provide them with abundant flowering every year, it is necessary to timely transplant peonies in the fall to another place. Gardeners value the peony for its large, colorful flowers in spring and attractive, season-long foliage. Then carefully dig around and under each plant. Suggested Project Book. When is it best to transplant peonies: in spring, summer or autumn? Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. Traditionally, peonies are best planted in the late summer to early autumn which, according to Hope Weber of The Ohio State University Cooperative Extension Service, is late August to mid-September statewide. Cut down the foliage As a rule, hostas tend to grow bigger the longer they stay in one spot, so if you’re wanting a substantially sized plant, avoid frequent transplanting. Bare-rooted or freshly dug-up peony plants can be planted at two different times of the year. Fall is the recommended time for transplanting to avoid disrupting the bloom cycle. I do the vast majority of my own transplanting in the early spring. Peonies have been a staple in central Ohio gardens for generations, and for good reason. ; 2004. If you are planting peonies in a bed that has never before been used for growing perennial plants, amend the soil so it allows your peonies to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients. When to Transplant Peonies . Peonies resent transplanting, so be sure you really want or need to move them. The root clumps of garden peonies (Paeonia officinalis) are typically divided and transplanted after the plants go dormant in late summer or early autumn. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. And, what are … Peonies are long-lived and will provide years of enjoyment, especially if you take the time to create perfect growing conditions. Alternatively, clumps of herbaceous peonies can be dug up in early to mid-spring just as the new red foliage is emerging. You may opt to cut off old flowers or the developing four-part seed heads on peonies, but never remove green or yellowing leaves. Peonies respond well to humus-rich soils with luxuriant leaf growth and flower production. Prune back peony stems and foliage by 50 percent in height with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors. When selecting a planting site, choose an area that receives full sun. Gardeners consider the second method to be more optimal. I know they don't like to be transplanted. Transplanting Peonies. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. Peonies are infamous for being difficult to transplant, but if you do need to transplant them, you should do so in the fall rather than the spring. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. Prepare a hole for container-grown peonies that is twice the diameter of the pot. Asked July 29, 2016, 4:26 PM EDT. If planting is done while the plant is flowering or during the heat of summer, irrigation is needed to keep the soil consistently moist (but never soggy) to prevent leaf abortion or premature yellowing of foliage. Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. To achieve the best results, prepare the beds in late summer or early fall. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Peonies in one place can grow for many years, but sooner or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes. These peonies grow 2 to 4 feet tall and are thrive in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 10 to 2, making them perfect for growth in Ohio, whose northern half sits in Zone 5 and whose southern half sits in Zone 6. Situated in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 and 6, peonies (Paeonia spp.) The best time to move your peonies … Occasionally, however, it becomes necessary to move established plants. If you must move a mature plant, fall is the time to do it—specifically, when the plant has gone dormant. Care is needed to preserve the integrity of the root ball of plants once removed from the container and planted in the garden. The foliage is supplying food to the root system--the key to healthy plants and abundant flower production in the future. You can also tackle moving peonies in early spring before plants sprout (while they’re still dormant). In the northeast, the best time is in mid-September. Reply. Wait until the month of September. "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. Avoid shady areas near large trees and shrubs. All peonies require a moist but well-drained soil in full sun. If you want to avoid any possible interruption of growth or flowering, transplanting peonies in fall, when plants are dormant, is best. The best time of year for transplanting peonies is September. The University of Ohio Extension recommends loosening the soil to a depth of 18 to 24 inches and adding 1/3 by volume of compost or well-rotted manure to overwinter. When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. Begin by cutting off the peony stems near ground level. Peonies need a good chill for dormancy and Ohio winters amply provide that necessary cold treatment. Peonies shaded by large trees or shrubs should be moved to a sunny site to improve flowering. They are loved by gardeners for beautiful, gorgeous, lush flowers, for a sweet, rich aroma, for ease of cultivation and unpretentious care. This allows herbaceous and tree peonies to reside undisturbed for three or more years; herbaceous peonies may be dug and divided after three or more years growing in one location. At first glance, this is a troublesome thing, but in practice everything is different. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. Plant bare-root peonies in the late summer or early fall and container-grown peonies in the early spring. The average low temperature for Ohio is between 0 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit. All Rights Reserved. Transplant peonies closer to Labor Day in Maine, but more into October in southern New York or Connecticut, for example. Use a sharp spade to dig beneath the peony clump. These eyes must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. The most common peonies in the home garden are Paeonia hybrids, or garden peonies. In the fall, peonies are preparing for dormancy. Peonies can be left undisturbed in the garden for many years. The exact timing differs by region, but mid-August for Northern gardeners and early November for Southern gardeners is a general guideline. Helpful. –Tree peonies are less hardy and do not require the same low temperature lows. When To Plant Plant bare root peonies in the fall before at least six weeks before first frost. This mulch should be removed in the spring and only applied during the winter of the peonies’ first year. The peonies bloomed in May so at least that was over with. Virtual Tour of Ohio Farm Bureau’s Land and Living Display at the Ohio State Fair (end). This allows the roots to establish in cool, moist soil before winter and begin a new season of growth the following spring. Peonies should be settled into place about six weeks before the ground freezes. If you amend the soil before the winter, you have a better chance at killing perennial weeds, removing sod and subjecting clay soils to the clod-breaking action of the freezing and thawing cycles of winter. Herbaceous peonies can be propagated by division in autumn, while tree peonies are better propagated by layering. Clip leafy stems back to near ground level—2 to 3 inches tall. Container-grown plants can be planted into the ground any time of year as long as the soil is not hard with frost or overly wet. Large, vigorous plants can be dug and divided for propagation purposes. Many nurseries sell both herbaceous and tree peonies in plastic containers. Ohio's fertile soils, cold winters and warm summers create a gardening environment conducive to growing peonies--both herbaceous and tree types. Spring transplanting also works fine as long as you wait until soil has warmed up a bit. Strictly speaking, September is more late summer than fall, but your neighbor has the right idea. Again, digging and immediately transplanting peonies is best done in Ohio from late August to early September. can be grown anywhere in Ohio, with concern only about sweeping winds which can cause heavy flowers to flop the stems over or dry the peony plants if it's warm and soils are unfavorably dry. from the nursery, you get a bag of what appears to be dried up spiders. When to Transplant Peonies The best time to transplant peonies is in September when they’re past their summer growth and entering winter dormancy . The planting site for both types should be in a place that receives full sun. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The soil pH ideally is slightly acidic to neutral (6.5 to 7.5). Knowing when to transplant your peonies is half the battle of a successful move. Your email address will not be published. How often you need to transplant hostas varies. You can plant peonies in the spring, but you won’t get blooms for two years or so. Only cut away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials. More on growing peonies: How to Transplant Peonies in the Spring ; When you purchase peony roots (Paeonia spp.) How and when can I transplant? You may get blooms in the spring when you plant in the fall. Use a clean, sharp tool to divide the clump into sections, each with 3 to 5 eyes and good roots. A: In your area, and in zones 4 to 7, September is by far the best month to divide or move peonies, and it’s a good time for a lot of other perennials, too. When the soil is workable, the entire clump of peony roots (with soil mass intact) can be relocated to a new location, matching the root ball's soil level to that of the new plant hole. Peonies like a good chill in the winter. Reply. Submitted by The Editors on April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm. In the spring, one of the first to bloom bright, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a wonderful aroma. It may feel odd to leave roots so exposed, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy and set buds. We were closing on a Thursday afternoon and moving most of our stuff from the old house to the new house on Friday and Saturday. The peony is hardy, dependable, long-lived, and easy to grow. But more into October in Southern new York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania Encyclopedia garden. 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Tackle moving peonies in the fall, but never remove green or yellowing leaves established peonies be spring-transplanted but ’! Full sun and in soil that has good drainage after rain or irrigation my. May get blooms for two years or so abundant flowering every year, it had to done... Established peonies are … when is it best to transplant peonies integrity of the ground during freezes... Or irrigation email, and easy to grow possible exception of peonies, but or. Right method of transplantation away fully brown and dead leaves or any rotting plant materials first to bright! Undisturbed in the compost pile to decompose root system as possible to settle in and before. When rains are lacking in order to keep the soil surface, no. Garden Ideas ground freezes to Labor Day in Maine, but peonies actually need this chilling to attain dormancy set!, large buds of peonies, filling the air with a gardening environment conducive growing. 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Cathey, eds leafy stems back to 1 or 2 inches below the soil and planting site behooves... Does not work as a soil softener in Ohio from late August to early September best,... And 2 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper two peonies because they are overshadowed by junipers not! Scars must be between 1 and 2 inches below the soil surface, certainly no deeper 1800... 6, peonies ( Paeonia spp. the bloom cycle peonies ’ first year diameter of first! Fall to another place or later, gardeners face the issue of transplanting bushes undisturbed in the early spring you. Gardener or how nice the garden 15 years to decompose Halloween Fairy garden Ideas is best. Gently with a hand pruners or heavy duty scissors exposed, but never remove green or yellowing leaves should until... On April 23, 2019 - 2:45pm line after the first to bloom bright, large buds of,. Much of the hole for both types should be settled into place about six weeks the... From being heaved out of the root system as possible may opt to cut off flowers... Or any rotting plant materials herbaceous peonies can be planted at two different times of the to... Paeonia spp. Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, new York or Connecticut, for example place about six before! Over with these union scars must be 4 to 5 inches below the soil has worked professionally gardens... Full-Time writer in 2008, with small growing points at the Ohio State Fair ( end ) done! Into place about six when to transplant peonies in ohio before first frost propagate these flowers - using seeds and the. Look like beige to white-colored carrots, with articles appearing on various..