The two main theories that seek to explain the development process are the Piaget and the Vygotsky’s theories. Vygotsky’s Cognitive Development Theory argues that cognitive abilities are socially guided and constructed. Cognitive development is very important in growing children as they can master the concepts and ideas through the assistance of the adults. Related video mini-lectures are included. Lev Vygotsky, a Russian psychologist, developed a theory of cognitive development known as the Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive development. Lev Vygotsky's, cultural-historical theory of cognitive development is focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions, such as speech and reasoning in children. As such, culture serves as a mediator for the formation and development of specific abilities, such as learning, memory, attention, and problem solving. Because Vygotsky’s focus was on cognitive development, it is interesting to compare his views with those a constructivist (Bruner) and a … Specifically, he believed that the way children’s brains and thought processes develop has to do with their social interaction, an idea also known as sociocultural theory. The main assertion of the Vygotsky theory is that the cognitive development of children is advanced through social interaction with other people, particularly those who are more skilled. The use of Vygotsky’s theory enables learners to combine their cognitive thoughts and their communication abilities to understand concepts. Various researchers have engaged in research to unravel what transpires during a child’s development. This should help to provide a different view of cognitive development than the one proposed by Jean Piaget. As noted above, Vygotsky certainly felt peer interactions could be crucial, but primarily to the extent that peers played the role of the “More Knowledgable Other.” This chapter excerpt describes the basic elements of Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development. Who was Lev Vygotsky? Vygotsky’s theory is complementary to Bandura’s work on social learning and a key component of situated learning theory as well. Cognitive development is a continuous process that starts right from birth and continues through adulthood. The second theory we’ll look at is Lev Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development. As stated above, Vygotsky believed children’s thinking is affected by their knowledge of the social community (which is learnt from either technical or psychological cultural tools). In applying Vygotsky’s theory to Jake’s situation, since Jake was unable to complete the task at first he seek help from his teacher. Theory 2: Lev Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development. 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